|Learning About Computers and the Internet|
The struggle between Internet marketers and viewers who wish to keep their Web surfing habits private has escalated again. A recent technological trick of Internet marketing is called Local Shared Objects (LSO) or Flash cookies.
The Flash Cookie and How It Works
Flash cookies use a feature of the Adobe Flash application called local Shared Objects. Use of Flash movies on Web pages is widespread and a very large majority of Web viewers have Flash players on their systems. (Adobe says 98%.) Internet Explorer comes with a Flash ActiveX component and plug-ins are easily available for the other major browsers.Thus most Web viewers can be reached by this new method.
Skipping the technical
details, here is a brief idea of how the method
works. When a Web page contains an ad in Flash format that is appropriately
coded, a file can be placed on the viewer's computer that functions much
like a cookie. However, none of the present standard methods of cookie
control will detect the file. This type of file typically has the extension SOL and
can be located in a variety of places, sometimes a sub-directory (Windows XP) of
Finding Files Used for Flash CookiesDoing a search on your computer for files with the extension .sol will reveal the presence of files created from a Flash local shared object, provided that the file location has been indexed. The figure below shows what I found in one folder on one of my computers. Each of the subfolders shown contains a file (not shown) with extension SOL.
From their names, it is clear that some of these entries come from Web ads. However, in the same way that many cookies serve legitimate and useful purposes so do some of these files. Also, other members of the Flash MX suite such as Dreamweaver may use local shared objects. Thus, persistent files are by no means only due to advertising but may be present for a variety of legitimate reasons. While it may be tempting to stop tracking by using the brute force method of deleting SOL files, there is a better way.
Managing Flash Cookie Files
Fortunately, Adobe has provided a site where the settings for Flash players can be configured so that tracking can be controlled. There are a number of pages where settings on your local computer can be adjusted. Examples of several configuration panels are given below.
Go to this page to see what what objects are already on your computer and to delete them if desired. The figure below shows an example panel. There is a slide bar for setting the amount of storage allowed and it can be put to "None" by sliding all the way left. If you visit these sites again (perhaps inadvertently) you may get a popup asking if they can have some space. To avoid any messages, put a check in "Never ask again".
To control the amount of space on your computer that sites can use on future visits, go here. An example of the control panel is shown below. Again there is a slide bar that can be put to "None". This may result in sites asking for more space unless you check the box next to "Never ask again". Just as blocking all cookies can stop some desirable sites, checking this box may block some legitimate functions such as shopping carts. There is a box by, "Allow third-party Flash content to store login information and other data on your computer". I would suggest removing the check. Whether you wish to allow the "Store common Flash components to reduce download times" depends on your personal preferences.
Tracking Flash cookies already downloaded to your computer via ads in Flash format can be removed with the settings manager at the Adobe site. Repeat downloads from sites already visited can also be blocked. However, future downloads of tracking files from sites not previously visited can only be blocked in a global sense. The type of fine-tuned control available for browser cookies is not yet present.
|<< Home page||©2002-2016 Victor Laurie||Home page >>|